lunes, 7 de julio de 2008

Taller #3. Referentes (Transitional Markers)

Objetivos especifico : 3) Identificar las palabras que nos guía en la lectura para conocer de qué o quién se habla. Reconocer los Referentes.

Los Referentes son las palabras o set de palabras que nos guian en la lectura para conocer de qué o quién se habla. Su uso es común, ya que tienen como fin el de no repetir la misma palabra una y otra vez, sino que se usan los referentes para referirse a algo/alguien mencionado con anterioridad.


1 ) PRONOUNS: Como en espanol, existen varios tipos de pronombres como referentes, los personales, los posesivos y los que actúan como Objeto indirecto; además de los reflexivos.

Personal........Possessive 1st...Possessive 2nd......I.O

HE..él .................HIS...su, masc.......HIS..suyo/a..masc......HIM..a él..lo
SHE..ella.............HER..su fem..........HERS..suya/o..fem.....HER..a ella..la
IT...eso/a .. ITS..su..neutro .. ITS..suyo/a..neut ... IT.lo/le/la

THEY..ellos/as..THEIR..su/s.........THEIRS..de ellos/as...THEM..a ellos/as,les,los,las

1.2) Pronombre Reflexivos:

HIMSELF...él mismo, él solo.
HERSELF..ella misma, ella sola
ITSELF..eso/a mismo/eso solo/a eso/a esa
THEMSELVES..ellos/as mismos/as, ellos/as solos/as

2) DEMOSTRATIVE:


THIS............ESTA,E,O............THESE........ESTOS,AS
THAT..........ESE,A,O...............THOSE........ESOS,AS

3) ORDINAL NUMBERS:

FIRST : 1st...........................TWENTY FIRST: 21st
SECOND : 2nd.........................TWENTY SECOND: 22nd
THIRD : 3rd.........................TWENTY THIRD: 23rd
FOURTH : 4th.........................TWENTY FOURTH: 24th
FIFTH : 5 th........................ TWENTY FIFTH: 25th
SIXTH: 6 th.........................THIRTIETH: 30th
SEVENTH: 7 th.........................THIRTY FIRST : 31st
EIGHTH: 8th......................... FORTIETH: 40th
NINTH : 9 th.........................FIFTIETH: 50th
TENTH : 10th.........................SIXTIETH: 60th
ELEVENTH:11th.......................SEVENTIETH: 70th
TWELFTH: 12th.......................EIGHTIETH: 80th
THIRTEENTH: 13th...............NINETIETH: 90th
FOURTEENTH: 14th............... ONE/A HUNDREDTH: 100th
FIFTEENTH: 15th
SIXTEENTH: 16th
SEVENTEENTH:17th
EIGHTEENTH: 18th
NINETEENTH: 19th
TWENTIETH: 20th

4) DETERMINATIVE PRONOUNS:

4.1 Relativo a cosas, WHICH...la/el/los/las cual/les
....................................SUCH...tal/les
....................................THAT...que

4.2 Relativo a personas, WHO...quien/quienes
..........................................WHOSE...cuyo/a/s

4.3 Relativo a lugares, WHERE...donde.

4.4 Relativo al tiempo, WHEN...cuando

5 ) OTHER WORDS USED TO REFER BACKWARDS: Otras palabras usadas para referirse a algo/alguien anterior.

5.1 THE EARLIER... el/la/los/las primero/a/s, anterior/es
5.2 THE FORMER...el/la/los/las primero/a/s, anterior/es
5.3 THE FIRST...el/la/los/las primero/a/s, anterior/es
5.4 THE LATER...el/la/los/las siguiente/s, posterior/es
5.5 THE FOLLOWING...el/la/los/las siguiente/es

6) SYNONYMS : Cualquier palabra sinónima de una usada anteriormente.
Ejercicios: A partir del siguiente texto, determinar los referentes y los referidos (a qué, quién se refiere).


TAKE A PILL AND CALL ME TONIGHT


1 A new pill is on fashion in the market, its name is Viagra (evocative of “vigor”). The New 2York Daily News reports every day what happens in pharmacies with this explosive drug. 3Although this debut makes medical history, it doesn’t help everyone.” This is a pill that can’t 4help men live longer, grow hair or lose weight. What it does of course is helping them achieve 5and sustain erections”.
6 Men and women are happy the same, in women Viagra causes similar effects as in men. 7Doctors say it can help with them with their frigidity problems so they are using Viagra too. 8But not everything is black or white this drug only woks with 70 % of the times, it produces 9isolated effects as headaches, decreasing of appetite, people feel dizzy and so on and of course 10you spend a lot of money because every pill costs 10 $.
11As a recommendation, take a pill an hour before sex (it is not an aphrodisiac, it works only in 12the presence of sexual stimulation) and have fun. Viagra produces better and longer orgasms.


Newsweek may 4th 1998.


its in line 1 refers to?____________________

it in line 3 refers to? ____________________

this in line 3 refers to? ___________________

it in line 4 refers to? _____________________

them in line 4 refers to? __________________

it in line 7 refers to? _____________________

they in line 7 refers to? ___________________

their in line 7 refers to? ___________________

them in line 7 refers to? ___________________

it in line 8 refers to? ______________________

it in line 11 refers to? _____________________

1 comentario:

Enzzo Perez dijo...

Muchísimas pero muchísimas gracias!, me estaba complicando esto en la facultad, gracias!